Retrospective Analysis on Type of Scaffolds Used in Revascularisation-A Institutional Based Study
Author(s): K Thirumagal and Pradeep S*
Aim: To aim of the study is to analysis on type of scaffolds used in revascularisation Background: Root canal therapy helps to save many diseased teeth over years. The treatment is most desired when the tooth is diseased or nonvital pulp is replaced with healthy tissue pulp which has the ability to revitalize the teeth by the regenerative endodontics. The scaffolds like Platelet rich fibrin, Stem cells, Natural and artificial scaffolds, Platelet rich plasma used from the year 1982–2015. Tissues are arranged as three dimensional structures, and the correct scaffolding is needed to provide a spatially correct position of cell location and for differentiation, proliferation, or metabolism of the stem cells. Extracellular matrix molecules help in controlling the stem cell differentiation, and the correct scaffold might selectively join and localize cells that contain growth factors, and undergo biodegradation over time. Different scaffolds allow the regeneration of various tissues. To ensure a successful regenerative procedure, it is essential to have a good knowledge about the suitable scaffold for the required tissue. Materials & methods: The study was conducted in the outpatient of Dental College and Hospital. The data was reviewed and analysed between June 2019-July 2021. A total of 27 patients underwent a revascularization procedure aged between 6 to 40 yrs. The data includes the type of scaffolds used in revascularisation (CGF, PRF, COLLA COTE). Then the data was manually verified by 1-2 reviewers and finally tabulated and SPSS imported and got the results. Results: Total subject population was 18 and their age group ranged from (1-40) years, total Males were 9 and females were 9. Both Male patients and Female patients are equal in population. In our study the majority of males patients (40.7%) CGF type of scaffolds are used whereas for female patients (22.2%) PRF type of scaffolds is used. In our study the majority of patients under (21-30)yrs old used CGF (25.9%) followed by colla cota (14.8%). And the majority of revascularization procedures (44.44%) was done in teeth number 11 followed by (40.74%) was done in teeth number 21. Conclusion: From the present study it is clear that Majority of the patients CGF is used followed by PRF and colla cote. Which gives more success rate in revascularization therapy?