Role of fine needle aspiration cytology in salivary glands lesions
Author(s): Parmar MD, Suri SK, Ghoghari DV
Background: Fine needle aspiration cytology is an inexpensive, atraumatic technique for the diagnosis of disease sites. We describes how it useful to the management of tumours, avoid inappropriate operations and allowing surgeons to plan quickly and more rationally. It is an economically valuable technique.
Aims: To evaluate the usefulness and accuracy of Fine Needle Aspiration Cytology (FNAC) in the diagnosis of Salivary glands lesions.
Methods: During this study, 100 patients with Salivary glands lesions, of all ages and both gender were included. All patients were evaluated by history, clinical examination. F.N.A.C. and ultrasound were done in selected cases. All the smears were stained with Haematoxylin and Eosin stain and Giemsa stain. The preoperative cytological findings were correlated with the postoperative histopathological diagnosis.
Results: FNAC diagnosis was benign in 49 cases (52.13%), and malignant in 7 cases (7.45%) of the cases. The diagnostic sensitivity was 66.66%, specificity was 100% and diagnostic accuracy was 86.36% respectively. No. of True Positive, True Negative, False Negative were 2, 17, 1 respectively and there was no any false positive result. Positive predictive value and Negative predictive value was 100% and 94.44% respectively.
Conclusion: FNAC is a safe and effective modality in diagnosis and treatment planning of patients with Salivary glands lesions.