Selected Kidney Function Tests for Screening of Kidney Disea | 97477

Journal of Research in Medical and Dental Science
eISSN No. 2347-2367 pISSN No. 2347-2545

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Selected Kidney Function Tests for Screening of Kidney Disease among Hypertensive Patients: A Cross Sectional Study

Author(s): Reshma Tighare* and Ranjana Sharma


Introduction: Renal disease is a disorder when the kidneys are damaged and unable to filter blood properly. Nephropathy, renal disease, or kidney disease are all terms used to describe conditions that affect the kidneys. Nephritis, an inflammatory kidney disease, can present in a variety of ways depending on where the inflammation is located. Nephrosis is a kidney condition that isn't brought on by inflammation. Nephrotic syndrome may develop as a result of nephrosis or nephritis. Renal failure increases a person's risk of developing kidney disease, which can be treated with dialysis or a kidney transplant. Acute renal injury, kidney cysts, kidney stones, and infections are a few other kidney conditions. Materials and methods: The investigation makes use of analytical approach. Cross-sectional study design was used. The population of the study included all patients with hypertension at several hospitals in the Wardha district. The method of choosing the study's sample was purposive sampling. The study sample consisted of 85 hypertension patients from a particular Wardha hospital. Results: The correlation between serum creatinine levels and food habits among hypertension patients at particular institutions. The calculated’t’ value was 2.16 at the 5% level of significance, however the tabulated 't' values were 1.98 (df=83), which is less. The relationship between Uric acid levels and a history of hypertension in the family. The calculated’t’ value was 2.31 at the 5% level of significance, but the tabulated’t’ value was 1.98 (df=83), which is less. Conclusion: Elevated blood urea nitrogen, uric acid, and serum creatinine levels can cause renal dysfunction in hypertension patients. According to statistics, the uric acid score of hypertensive patients is statistically correlated with their diet, and the serum creatinine score is statistically correlated with their family history of hypertension.

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