Self-Evaluation of Health Promoting Behaviors among Employees and Nurses of Madani Heart Center: Beginning of Activities Related Health Promoting Hospital
Author(s): Mohammad Hossein Taghdisi, Sarieh Poortaghi, Mitra Abolfathi, Nader Mahdavi, Mitra Musavi shabestari, Marzieh Kheiri
Health promoting behaviors are considered as one of the criteria determining the health. Health promotion hospitals require these behaviors for improving the quality of services and promoting the health of community, and employees of such centers play crucial role in training and transferring of such behaviors and healthy lifestyle to various groups of community. The current research was conducted to evaluate these behaviors among employees working in Madani Heart Center in 2016. It was carried out at the beginning of activities related to implementing the health promoting hospital standards. The current research was a descriptive-analytical study, in which 319 administrative and therapeutic hospital employees were selected using proportional stratified sampling method. To collect the research data, Health Promotion Lifestyle Profile II (HPLP-II) was used. Data were analyzed by SPSS 18 software and by using non-parametric statistical method of Chi-square test and Gamma and Kendall correlation coefficient at the significance level of 0.05 .Research findings revealed that 96 number of subjects (30.1%) were male and 223 of them (69.0%) were female and their mean age was found to be 38.0±6.0 years. Their mean work experience was found to be 14.0 ± 5.0 years. The mean of total health promotion behaviors was found to be 128.0 ± 19.0 and the highest score was found in the interpersonal relationship area (24.0 ± 3.0) and the lowest score was found in physical activity area (15.0 ± 4.0) .The current research revealed that gender status had a significant relationship with health promotion behaviors of the employees, so that the score of health promotion behaviors in male employees was higher than that in female employees and this difference was significant (P <0.001). Multivariate linear regression analysis indicated that the gender status of employees is the most important factor affecting the health promotion behaviors. Given the status of health promotion behaviors among employees of the center and the low level of these behaviors among female gender, it is recommended that health education programs to be planned in order enhance the healthy lifestyle of them.