Studying the Effect of German Chamomile in Alleviating CABG Surgery Wound Pain among Diabetic Patients
Author(s): Bahareh Najafi, Sooraia Nejatii, Somaye Sahraie, Keivan Babaei, Faezeh Ghesmati5, Mahdi Firoozi, Shookooh Varaeii
Coronary arteries among diabetic patients has three times prevalence and one of main procedures in treatment of these patients is CABG surgery which leads to significant pain at the sternum area, thus pain alleviation among diabetic people undergone CABG operation is among main needs. From other side, analgesic effects of German Chamomile in menstrual pains and other pains have been demonstrated. Thus, the researcher decided to examine the effect of German Chamomile on pain alleviation of surgery wound. This study is random clinical trial type with intervention and control group. 60 people among diabetic patients admitted to Kermanshah Imam Ali hospital for CABG operation have been assigned randomly at two 30-person group as intervention and control groups. From second day after surgery operation after bringing out the sternum area tracheal tube, after washing with betadine, the intervention group patients have been bandaged by 3% chamomile ointment which was made by Karaj University Jahad organization medical herbs research center in a daily basis. In control group, only daily washing was carried out by betadine and bandage. This has been done till day 7 after the operation, the pain extent has been evaluated by visual analogue scale (VAS) in days 3, 4, and 7 after intervention. One used SPSS version 16 for data analysis. In this study, descriptive statistics approaches are used for describing the samples including frequency distribution, average determination, SD and t independent test and chi 2 for study objectives and hypotheses and determining the samples homogeneity. Using independent t test, the average and SD of main score is calculated and compared between two groups at third day and P=0.005 indicating that two groups have significant difference in terms of pain level and pain in the chamomile group is smaller. Using the same test, the average and SD of pain score has been calculated at day 4 and 7 that have significant difference and pain extent was smaller in chamomile group 0.005 and 0.014 respectively. The findings have shown that using 3% chamomile ointment after at least three days lead to alleviating the pain of CABG wound among diabetic patients.