Studying the Psychological Empowerment of Faculty Members of Dezful University of Medical Sciences in Southwestern Iran
Author(s): Abdolreza Gilavand*, Mohsen Mohammadbidaghi, Ahmad Moosavi
Introduction: Considering the importance of empowering employees to increase their productivity and satisfying their job satisfaction, this research has investigated the psychological empowerment of faculty members of Dezful University of Medical Sciences in southwestern Iran.
Materials and Methods: This descriptive research was conducted in 2018. The statistical population of this research included all faculty members of Dezful University of Medical Sciences in southwest of Iran. Finally, 43 members completed questionnaires. The Spreitzer staff empowerment questionnaire has been used to collect data. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze the data and SPSS version 22.
Results: In terms of the various components of empowerment of faculty members, the score of the areas of effectiveness (6.5 ± 2.4), sense of competence (4.4 ± 1.6), and the right to choose (4.4 ± 1.2), have been evaluated to be low, but the mean score of meaningfulness (7.3 ± 7.3) was evaluated as moderate. Also, the variables such as education, academic rank, and experience of faculty members did not have a significant effect on their empowerment (P<0.05). However, gender (P=0.038) and age (P=0.032) of the faculty members had a significant effect on their empowerment score; female and older faculty members had an empowerment higher than the male and younger faculty members (P=0.019).
Discussion and Conclusion: The findings of this research can be used by managers, faculty members and planners of holding courses of empowerment of faculty members at Iran's medical sciences universities and other similar universities and organizations. It is also necessary that the managers of the university under study, while reinforcing all aspects of empowering their faculty members, focus on the dimensions that have received fewer privileges.