The Comparison of Periodontal Indices Condition in Major Thalassemia Patients and Healthy People
Author(s): Leila Jabbareh, Hossein Karami, Mahmoud Mousazadeh, Nariman Abazarian, Tahereh Molania, Hodis Ehsani
Chronic periodontitis is the most common form of periodontitis. Chronic periodontitis is defined as: "An infectious disease that leads to the inflammation in the supporting tissues of the tooth, loss of progressive joints and bone resorption. Oral and maxillofacial problems are among the most important concerns of patients with major thalassemia while one of these most common problems can be mentioned as dental caries and gum disease. Therefore, this study aims to investigate the periodontal health status of patients with major tularaemia. This was a case-control study. Recorded data included: name, age, gender, education, occupation, spleen status and number of desferal per month. PI (Plaque Index), PPD (Probing Pocket Depth), GI (Gingival Index), CAL (Clinical Attachment Loss) indexes were also recorded for patients. Data were then analyzed by SPSS22 software. In this study, 23 patients with thalassemia and 23 healthy patients were evaluated. The mean GI in thalassemic patients was 1.39 ± 0.72 and in the healthy group was 0.91 ± 0.666. PI in thalassemic patients was 47.1 ± 0.59 and in healthy subjects was 1.26 ± 0.44. The mean pocket depth in thalassemic patients was 47.4 ± 0.59 and in healthy subjects was 0.17 ± 0.38. The mean GI and mean loss of attachment were significantly higher in thalassemic patients. The mean pocket depth was higher was more in thalassemic patients and statistically significant at the borderline level. The level of PI was higher in thalassemic patients, but this difference is not significant. The PI index was significantly higher in those who had undergone the spleen remove than subjects with spleen, but statistically there was no significant difference in the GI, PPD, and CAL indexes. Also, there was no significant difference between the indices and the number of consumed desferal in this study.