The Effect of Nurses Uniform Color on Situational Anxiety in the School Age Inpatients Children
Introduction: Hospitalization causes anxiety in children, and nurses play an important role in reducing children’s anxiety. Nurses’ characteristics, including their costumes, are important factors affecting the quality of care through the relationship between the nurse and the child.
Materials and Methods: In this quasi-experimental intervention study, 240 children aged 6-12 years old, admitted to the pediatric ward of Ahvaz Golestan Hospital, were selected and divided into two groups of 120 patients. The data collection tool included a demographic questionnaire and Spielberger’s state-trait anxiety inventory (STAI), completed 4 hours after admission and at discharge. Data were analysed using descriptive tests, independent t-test, and covariance analysis using SPSS 21.
Results: The mean level of anxiety in children whose nurses were dressed in pink was smaller (39.99 ± 7.79), compared to children whose nurses were dressed in navy blue uniforms (46.12 ± 4.60). In addition to the pink color of nurses’ uniforms, gender, education, and birth rank affected children’ anxiety level (p<0.05).
Conclusion: The results of this study indicated the effect of the pink uniform of nurses in reducing children’s anxiety. Colored nursing uniform can provide a friendly environment for the child and enhance the relationship between nurses and children. Wearing a pink uniform can meet the children’s expectations of nursing care and eliminate the need for sedation.