The Effectiveness of Storytelling on Separation Anxiety in Hospitalized Children with Chronic Diseases
Author(s): Seyedeh Mina Shafiee, Sahar Susani Gharibvand, Akram Hemmatipur
Background and Objectives: Anxiety is a psychological construct that is prevalent in children's behaviors and predicts their maladaptive behaviors. If anxiety cannot be well managed or treated, it can cause irreparable problems. Hospitalization in children is one of the critical issues for creating separation anxiety. This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of storytelling on separation anxiety in four to seven year-old children hospitalized in Ahvaz Shafa and Golestan hospitals due to the chronic diseases.
Materials and methods: In this clinical trial study, on the basis of Spence’s Preschool Anxiety Scale and using a random sampling, 40 hospitalized children with chronic diseases were selected. After the completion of the questionnaire by the mothers of both groups, the samples were randomly divided into two groups (equally 20 people in each group). In the intervention groups, storytelling was done in four sessions, each session lasting at least 20 minutes (on separate days) and in the control group, only routine conversations were done. At the end of the four sessions, a questionnaire was completed by four mothers in both groups. A month later, also the questionnaire was completed by the mothers in the intervention group. Data were analyzed using the SPSS version 20.
Results: The results showed a significant statistical difference in anxiety between the two groups after the intervention; furthermore, storytelling decreased significantly anxiety in the children in the experimental group compared with children who have not received the four sessions.
Conclusion: Storytelling could decrease separation anxiety in four to seven year-old children admitted to hospital.