The Impact of Feeding Pattern on Gingival Health Condition And Salivary Adiponectin Level in a Relation to Body Composition Among Primary School Children In Baghdad City, Iraq [RETRACTED]
Author(s): Alyaa S Noori*, Ban S Diab
Background: Breastfeeding is identified as "one of the most economical preventative measures for non-communicable diseases including obesity later in life". Human breast milk contains numerous bioactive components, shown to be associated with growth and body composition. Breast feeding affects oral health, and body composition of the children either through its nutritional or immunological properties. Material and Method: The sample of the study composed of 225 student from Iraqi primary schools aged between 8-9 years. Pattern of feeding was assessed by a questionnaire. Loe and Sillness (1964) gingival index (GI) was used to evaluate gingival inflammation. Bioelectrical impedance is the method used to measure the children body composition. Salivary adiponectin levels were measured according to the manufacturer instruction of human adiponectin ELISA kit. Result: The mean value of plaque and gingival indices and salivary adiponectin was higher among formula feeding group. All body composition was higher among breast feeding group except for fat composition which is higher among formula feeding group. Conclusion: Pattern of feeding in infancy had an effect gingival health, body composition and salivary adiponectin.