The Impact of Feeding Pattern on Malalignment Status in Relation to Salivary Adiponectin among Primary School Children in Baghdad City, Iraq
Background: There are a confirmed the relationships between duration of breastfeeding and the occurrence of malocclusion among different age groups. Early prevention of any developing malocclusion could have a major impact on any individual’s life course and help to avoid lengthy and orthodontic treatment.
Method: The sample includes 225 children from primary school in Iraq aged from 8-9 years. Feeding pattern of the children was assessed by a questionnaire which divided the children into three categories (purely breast feeding mixed feeding, and purely formula feeding). Malalignment of the teeth is measured according to WHO in 1997 which include both spacing and crowding of anterior teeth from canine to another canine for both upper and lower jaw. Salivary adiponectin levels were measured according to the manufacturer instruction of human adiponectin ELISA kit.
Result: the crowding in one arch (score 1) is higher in formula feeding group than breast feeding group with opposite result for both arch crowding (score 2). For spacing score the presence of on arch spacing (score 1) is higher in in breast feeding than with opposite picture was found in formula feeding group. The mean of salivary adiponectin was higher among formula feeding group than in breast feeding and the correlation between S. adiponectin and malalignment scores was negative in breast feeding group and positive in formula feeding group for both crowding and spacing scores. At the same time all the data were not significant.
Conclusion: Feeding pattern of children in infancy had an effect on teeth alignment and on level of salivary adiponectin.