The Prevalence of the Oral Mucosal Lesions among Adult Patients in Abu Ghraib City (Iraq)
Author(s): Shakir Mahmood Al-Gburi, Shaimaa Hamid Mudhir
Background: The oral mucosal lesions have a major challenge in the oral cavity. The aim of the present study was to find out the oral mucosal lesions prevalence in Abu ghraib city (Iraq).
Materials and Methods: The present study consisted of 1100 patients (550 [50%] women and 550 [50%] men; age range 18- 67 years). The patients in our study were divided into five groups that based on age. All the patients were examined clinically and then questioned if there are any habits (like smoking, pan chewing, and alcohol intake) and also the frequency and the duration of their habit and systemic disease. The diagnosis of the disease was made based on the history and the clinical features according to the WHO guidelines.
Result: Among the 1100 screened patients, only 91 patients (8.27%) had oral lesions. 43 males had oral lesion that constituted 7.8% of the total examined patients, while the females was 48 patients that had oral lesion which constituted 8.72%. The age range of the patients was between 18-67 years. The prevalence of the oral lesions was more among the females (8.72%) than the males (7.8%). The oral mucosal lesions were described according to the genders which consisted of 11 types of lesion, the abscess, pericoronitis, pulp polyp, candidiasis, material alba, linea alba, mucocel, leukoplakia, lichenplanus, fibroma and hairy tongue. For the male it was (3.09%, 1.45%, 0.72%, 0.18%, 1.09%, 0.36%, 0.18%, 0.18%, 0.18%, 0.36% and 0%) respectively. And for the female it was (2.9%, 2%, 0.72%, 0.72%, 0.18%, 0.9%, 0.36%, 0.36%, 0%, 0.36%, and 0.18%).
Conclusions: The oral lesion prevalence was significantly differed by social levels, sex and the ages. The abscesses in the young females were more prevalent. The present study has supplied information about the aspects of the epidemiology the oral mucosal lesions that may help a lot of in the planning of the future oral health studies.