The Relationship between Health Promoting Lifestyle with Life Satisfaction in Postmenopausal Women
Author(s): Nasrin Elahi, Neda Ghannad, Mohammad Hosein Haghighizadeh
Background and aim: Menopause transition is one of the factors affecting the satisfaction with life (SWL) and lifestyle. The aim of present study was to determine the relationship between health-promoting lifestyle and SWL in postmenopausal women.
Materials and Methods: The present cross-sectional (descriptive-analytic) study was carried out on 353 postmenopausal women referred to health care centers of Ahvaz in 2016. Data were collected using demographic Questionnaire, Health- Promoting Lifestyle Profile II (HPLPLII) and Life Satisfaction Inventory-Z (LSI-Z). Data analysis was carried out using SPSS ver.22.
Results: The mean age of the subjects was 54.416 ± 4.295 years. There was a positive relationship (0/001) between SWL with age and level of education and a negative one with the number of children. The mean SWL level in housewives was higher than employed women. There was a positive relationship (0/000) between the different dimensions of health-promoting lifestyle with SWL in postmenopausal women. Stepwise multiple regression analysis showed that the nutrition dimension has the greatest impact on SWL. The best SWL model is a model that includes nutrition, spiritual growth and self-actualization, age, exercise and physical activity, and interpersonal relations components.
Conclusion: Education of health-promoting behaviors in postmenopausal women can play a major role in increasing SWL level, and it can lead to a positive attitude towards menopause transition and facilitate the confrontation with problems related to this period.