The Relationship Between Psychological Hardiness, Demographic Variables, and Mental Disorders of The Nursing Staff at Be'sat Hospital, Hamadan
Author(s): Ali Moradi, Mohammad Esmaeel Ebrahimi, Iraj Safaee Rad
Due to the importance of the role of psychological hardiness in moderation, the objective of the present study was to investigate the relationship between psychological hardiness, demographic variables (gender and marital status), and mental disorders of the nursing staff at Be'sat Hospital, Hamadan. This is a descriptive correlational study using regression. 196 nurses were selected from the nursing staff of different sections of Be'sat Hospital, using stratified random sampling. Ahvaz Hardiness Inventory (AHI) and the Symptom Checklist 90-Revised (SCL- 90R) were used to assess the variables of the research. The statistical methods of Pearson correlation, univariate and backward regression, and independent t-test were used for data analysis. The study indicated that there is a negative correlation between psychological hardiness and mental disorders. Among the components of the mental disorders, three components (depression, anxiety, and obsession) had the highest correlation with psychological hardiness. Moreover, there is a relationship between demographic variables and mental disorders such that the married and male participants had a high psychological hardiness and a low mental disorder, compared to the single and female participants. The psychological hardiness can predict mental disorders. Furthermore, there is a relationship between gender, marital status, psychological hardiness, and mental disorders.