The Relationship Between Severity of Osteoarthritis and Sinovitis in Osteoarthritis Patients
Author(s): Radiyati Umi Partan, Pika Ranita Annisaa, Surya Darma , Ester G Panserga
Osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease of the joint involving the cartilage, synovium, ligaments, and bones causing pain and stiffness in joints and altering daily activities. One cause of pain in knee osteoarthritis is stretching of joint capsule due to excessive corneal effusion on joints (synovitis). Synovitis leads to cartilage destruction that being responded by the formation of osteophyte, thus worsening the degree of osteoarthritis. The aim of this study is to prove the association of synovitis with osteoarthritis degree in knee osteoarthritis patients at General Hospital Dr. Mohammad Hoesin Palembang. This research was an analytical study using cross sectional design. The samples of this study were patients diagnosed with osteoarthritis in General Hospital Dr. Mohammad Hoesin Palembang period September 2017-November 2017. Out of 30 subjects, majority of patients (23,3%) were diagnosed with grade III knee osteoarthritis and grade II -grade III synovitis. There was significant association between the degree of knee osteoarthritis and the degree of synovitis (p=0,0020,r=0,553). Predominantly, the patients were found suffer from grade III knee osteoarthritis and grade II - grade III synovitis. There was significant association (p<0,05) with a moderate strength of correlation between synovitis and osteoarthritis grading in knee osteoarthritis patiens.