THE ROLE OF RENAL RESISTANCE INDEX IN DIABETES AND HYPERTENSION DIAGNOSIS
Author(s): Jayakumar S, Muthuchellakumar SP, Maghenthiran T, Saravanan KM and Bupesh G
Introduction: Both macrovascular and microvascular complications have been linked to diabetes and hypertension. Various cardiovascular-related diseases are examples of macro-vascular disorders. Diabetic neuropathy, retinopathy and nephropathy are examples of these microvascular consequences of diabetes. Diabetic retinopathy is the major cause of blindness in those not born with vision problems, while diabetic nephropathy is the primary cause of kidney failure. Diabetic foot ulceration and peripheral vascular disease account for all non-traumatic amputations.
Aim: The goal of the current study was to develop a more quantitative differential diagnostic model and investigate the potential importance of the Renal Resistant Index in the differential diagnosis of diabetes and hypertension.
Materials & Methods: For patients with renal colic, Doppler ultrasonography was utilized to establish the existence of renal calculi, in addition to laboratory testing such as serum creatinine, total cholesterol, glycosylated hemoglobin, and microalbuminuria. Results: In this study, total obstruction had higher RI values than partial obstruction. The patient group's blood creatinine, total cholesterol, glycosylated hemoglobin, and microalbuminuria profiles were documented.
Conclusion: The study might predict the course of sickness in patients, particularly diabetic and hypertensive nephropathies, by assessing the intra-renal resistive index.