Violence against Women in Khartoum, Sudan, 2018
Domestic violence is a pattern of abusive behavior used by a perpetrator to gain and maintain power or control over the victims in different types of relationships. Domestic violence is not associated with ethnic or racial group, economic class, marital status, sexual orientation, any specific age group, educational status and whether the women is professional or homemaker. Objectives were to explore violence against women in Khartoum, to determine types, persons responsible for commitment and relation between violence and social factors of the victims. Methods: This was a hospital-based, cross-sectional study to investigate violence against women. The study conducted in five hospitals, Khartoum Sudan. Sample type was stratified and size was 299. Data collected by a pre-tested questionnaire and clinical examination after obtaining ethics approval and a written informed consent. Analysis was done by using SPSS program version 22. Comparison between qualitative data was performed by chi-square test and p value less than 0.05 was considered significant. Results: Among violated women 18.7% were illiterate, 37.5% primary educated, 39.8% secondary educated and 4.0% university graduates. Most violated women aged between 19 and 28 years and most those violated women were housewives (57.2%). Husband committed 35.8% of violence against women. A community member, one of family members and a first degree relative were responsible for 31.8%, 19% and 13.4% of violence against women respectively. Conclusion: study concluded that violence is common among young housewives and it is mostly committed by a husband. Hitting and Genital tract trauma was most common types.