Visualization Tools for Minimally Invasive Surgery in Periodontics
Author(s): Nashra Kareem*
In the last decade a special emphasis has been made on the design and performance of surgical procedures for periodontal regeneration. Specific surgical approaches have been proposed to preserve the soft tissues and to reach a stable primary closure of the wound in order to seal the area of regeneration from the oral environment. However, flap dehiscence at the regeneration sites is a frequent occurrence. Exposure and thus contamination of the regenerative material is a critical issue because it has been associated with reduced clinical outcomes. To overcome these disadvantages, the approach to periodontal therapy has been progressively modified. This has given rise to the idea of minimally invasive treatment with the general aim of minimizing the trauma of any interventional process. Minimally invasive technique for periodontal regeneration is based on the use of very small incisions to gain access to the periodontal lesion using sophisticated tools and instrumentation. Therefore this review article highlights the evolution and various magnification systems used for minimally invasive surgery in periodontics.