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A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Programme Regarding Cancer Therapy among the College Students in a Selected College at Chennai

Journal of Research in Medical and Dental Science
eISSN No. 2347-2367 pISSN No. 2347-2545

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Research - (2021) Volume 9, Issue 10

A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Programme Regarding Cancer Therapy among the College Students in a Selected College at Chennai

C Geetha, G Gowri and AR Bharathi*

*Correspondence: AR Bharathi, Department of Nursing, Bharath university, India, Email:

Author info »

Abstract

Background: Cancer therapy describes the treatment of cancer in a patient, often with surgery. Chemotherapy, radiation therapy, targeted therapy, immunotherapy, hormone therapy are also available for some cancer types. As per Indian Population census data, the rate of mortality due to cancer in India was high and alarming with about 8, 06,000 existing cases by the end of the last century. Objective: “A study to assess the effectiveness of structured teaching programme regarding cancer therapy among the college students in a selected college at Chennai”. Methodology: The selected study design was Quasi-experimental research design (one group pre-test and post-test design). A purposive random sampling technique was used for the study. The sample size for the study consists of 50 students between the age group of 18-23 years. The data collection period was two weeks. Permission was obtained from the Head of the Department of Nursing conducting the study at College of nursing .Self Structured Questionnaires were administered and structured teaching programme on cancer therapy was given who Undergone pre-test. During the slide show session, students asked many doubts and it was clarified. The post test was administered with the same tool to the same group after 7 days. Results: The study finding shows that 50 (100%) had inadequate, none of them had moderate knowledge, none of them had adequate knowledge in pre-test. In post- test 2 (4%) had inadequate knowledge, 21 (42%) had moderate knowledge and 27 (54%) had adequate knowledge. The study findings revealed that there was a significant improvement in the post test. The improvement mean score was in pre-test 22% and in post-test 77.68% with ‘t’ value 23.2 which shows high significant at p<0.05, it shows the effectiveness of structure teaching programme. Conclusion: The study concluded that structured teaching programme was effective in improving knowledge towards cancer therapy.

Keywords

Cancer therapy, Structured teaching programme, Student

Introduction

“Time is shortening, but every day that we challenge this cancer and survive is a victory for us "-Ingrid Bergman. The goal of treatment is to achieve a cure for the cancer, allowing man to live a normal life span. This may or may not be possible, depending on their specific situation [1]. Cancer therapy describes the treatment of cancer in a patient, often with surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, targeted therapy, immunotherapy, hormone therapy are also available for some cancer types. In worldwide incidence, there were 17 million new cases of cancer in 2018. Cancer is a second leading cause of death globally, and is responsible for an estimated death in 2018. Globally, about 1 in 6 deaths due to cancer. Tobacco use is the most important risk factor for cancer and is responsible for approximately 22% of cancer deaths. The three most common cancers occurring worldwide are lung cancer, breast cancer for females and colorectal cancer - contributed 44.4% of all cancers. Worldwide there will be 27.5 million new cases of cancer each year by 2040 [2].

As per Indian Population census data, the rate of mortality due to cancer in India was high and alarming with about 8, 06,000 existing cases by the end of the last century. Cancer statistics in Tamil Nadu, the annual cancer burden predicted for 2012 - 2016 is 6,100 for Chennai, translating to 55,000 new cases per year in state-wide (in Tamil Nadu) [2].

Methodology

The selected study design was Quasi-experimental research design (one group pre-test and post-test design). A purposive random sampling technique was used for the study. The sample size for the study consists of 50 students between the age group of 18-23 years. The data collection period was two weeks. Permission was obtained from the principal for conducting the study at Meenakshi College of nursing .Self structured questionnaires were administered and Structured teaching programme on cancer therapy was given who Undergone pre-test. During the slide show session, students asked many doubts and it was clarified. The post test was administered with the same tool to the same group after 7 days.

Results

Results are mentioned in the Tables and Figures (Tables 1 to Table 4), (Figures 1 to Figure 2).

Table 1: Analysis of demographic data of the student in IV years B.SC (Nursing).

S.NO Categories Demographic variables Frequency (n) Percentage (% )
1 Age 8-19years 1 2%
20-21years 44 88%
22-23years 5 10%
2 Sex Male 7 14%
Female 43 86%
3 Religion Hindu 39 78%
Christian 9 18%
Muslim 2 4%
Others 0 0%
4 Socio Economic Status Low 1 2%
Middle 48 96%
High 1 2%
5 food pattern Vegetarian 7 14%
Non vegetarian 43 86%
6 Type of Family Joint 8 16%
Nuclear 42 98%
7 Source of Information News paper 9 18%
Television and internet 35 70%
Close relative 2 4%
Other source 4 8%

Table 2: Frequency and percentage distribution in pre-test and post-test.

S. No Level of knowledge Pre-test Post-test
N % N %
1 Inadequate knowledge 5 100 2 4
2 Moderate knowledge 0 0 21 42
3 Adequate knowledge 0 0 27 54

Table 3: Comparison of mean and standard deviation of pre-test and post-test to assess the knowledge level.

Sl. no. Subjects Mean Standard deviation 'T' Value
1 Pre-test 22 1.75 23.2
2 Post-test 77.68 3.65  

Table 4: Association of knowledge with all the demographic variables.

S. No. Categories Demographic variables Frequency Chi-Square
1 Age 18-19 years 1 4.5826
20-21 years 44 NS at 0.05% level
22-23years 5
2 Sex Male 7 0.4569
Female 43 NS at 0.05% level
3 Religion Hindu 39 11.3658
Christian 9 NS at0.05%level
Muslim 2
Others 0
4 Socio-economic status Low 1 2.877
Middle 48 NS at0.05%level
High 1
5 Food pattern Vegetarian 7 2.5171
Non-vegetarian 43 NS at0.05%level
6 Type of family Joined family 8 1.814
Nuclear family 42 NS at0.05%level
7 Type of family News paper 9 230.7988
Television and internet 35 Significant at0.05%level
Close relative 2
Other source 4
medical-dental-science-Percentage-distribution

Figure 1: Percentage distribution in pre-test and post-test.

medical-dental-science-post-test

Figure 2: Comparison of pre-test and post-test mean.

Discussion

Dagogo-Jack, et al. [3] conducted a study to assess the effectiveness structured teaching programme regarding cancer therapy. The Women in knowledge regarding breast cancer and breast self-examination (BSE).The study was designed the effectiveness of teaching programme to enhance knowledge and assess the skill of BSE among mahilamandal women Quasi experimental (one group pre-test and post-test design). The pre-test knowledge was assessed using structured interview schedule and BSE skill was assessed by observation check list out of 42 women. The mean pre-test knowledge score (7.6 ± 3.0) was less than post-test knowledge score (24.9 ± 2.7). The mean pre-test skill score (0.7 ± 1.0) was also less than post-test skill score (12.4 ± 2.0). The paired t value between the pre-test and post-test knowledge and skill score statistically significant at 0.001 levels. Conclusion of the study structured teaching programme was an effective strategy in improving the knowledge and skill of women regarding breast cancer and BSE.

The findings of the present study revealed that, there was no significant association between on demographic variables such as age, gender, religion, socio-economic status, food pattern, type of family, information got through. There was significant association at P<0.05 level. It is possible that they are exposed to more through newspaper, television and internet, close relative, other source [4-29].

Conclusion

The pre-test knowledge had an overall score of 22% and post-test knowledge had an overall score of 77.68%. The improvement meaning score of post-test was 19.42 with t value (t=23.2). There was significant difference in the level of knowledge, highly significant at P<0.05 shows the effectiveness of structured teaching programme. The findings of the study demonstrated that on education session increase the knowledge and compliance.

Funding

No funding sources.

Ethical Approval

The study was approved by the Institutional Ethics Committee.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.

Acknowledgment

The encouragement and support from Bharath Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India is gratefully acknowledged for providing the laboratory facilities to carry out the research work.

References

Author Info

C Geetha, G Gowri and AR Bharathi*

Department of Nursing, Bharath university, Chennai, India
 

Citation: C Geetha, G Gowri, AR Bharathi,A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Programme Regarding Cancer Therapy among the College Students in a Selected College at Chennai, J Res Med Dent Sci, 2021, 9(10): 127-131

Received: 17-Sep-2021 Accepted: 30-Sep-2021

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