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Awareness on Role of Kabasura Kudineer on Immunity among Adult Population

Journal of Research in Medical and Dental Science
eISSN No. 2347-2367 pISSN No. 2347-2545

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Research - (2021) Volume 9, Issue 11

Awareness on Role of Kabasura Kudineer on Immunity among Adult Population

Tahoora Taskeen L, V Vishnu Priya* and R. Gayathri

*Correspondence: V Vishnu Priya, Department of Biochemistry, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai-600077, India, Email:

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Abstract

Introduction: Kabasura kudineer is a concoction prepared as a siddha product which is effective against respiratory infection. It is made with the use of 15 herbs which includes ginger, clove, Piper Longum, Dusparsha, Akarakarabha, Kokilaksha, heritage, Malabar nut, ajwain, Kusta, guduchi, Kalamegha, Raja pata, musta and Bharani. Each and every ingredient has its own importance like ginger promotes digestion and helps in treatment of respiratory ailments, Pippalli can treat indigestion, asthma and cough, clove helps to kill bacteria and promote liver health etc. Thus the aim of the study is to analyse the knowledge and awareness on the role of Kabasura kudineer on immunity among the adult population. Materials and methods: Self-administered structured questionnaires were designed based on the knowledge and awareness of the role of Kabasura kudineer on immunity among adults. The questionnaire was distributed through online goggle forms link; the study population included 100 dental students in Chennai. The data was collected and statistically analysed in SPSS of version 26.0.The study was approved by the Institutional Review Board. Results: Majority of 19 year old (52%) individuals had responded whereas 35% of 17 year old respondents among them nearly 97% were females and 88% were aware of kabasura kudineer. It was appreciable that 83% of respondents were aware that kabasura kudineer was a siddha formulation and only 50% were aware it was administered as concoction among which 78% of individuals knew that it is a perfect remedy for respiratory ailments. Majority (52%) respondents were aware about the herbal ingredients used. Conclusion: Thus majority of adults were not aware about the properties of Kabasura kudineer. More awareness programmes have to be done to make Kabasura kudineer a prophylactic agent world-wide.

Keywords

Novel method, Kabasura kudineer, COVID-19, Chooranam, Immunity, Management; Eco-friendly; Innovative technique

Introduction

COVID-19 is viral disease which was pandemic worldwide in 2020 and many of the developed countries and underdeveloped countries lost mass of population. As it was an airborne infection it was difficult to control but in South India Kabasura kudineer chooranam was supplied as a remedy of control programme [1-5].

Kabasura kudineer is a concoction prepared as a siddha product which is effective against respiratory infection [1]. It is made with the use of 15 herbs which includes ginger, clove, Piper Longum, Dusparsha, Akarakarabha, Kokilaksha, haritaki, Malabar nut, ajwain, Kusta, guduchi, Kalamegha, Raja pata, musta and Bharani [2]. Each and every ingredient has its own importance like ginger promotes digestion and helps in treatment of respiratory ailments [3]. Pippalli can treat indigestion, asthma and cough, clove helps to kill bacteria and promote liver health, Dusparsha is used to treat haemorrhoids, kusta treats gout and indigestion, raja pata and musta relieves from fever, guduchi has antipyretic and immunomodulatory effect [4-6].

Kabasura kudineer has anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antiviral, antifungal, antioxidant, hepato-protective, antipyretic, anti-asthmatic and immunomodulatory properties [7]. The properties of kabasura kudineer is a preferable treatment for fever, shivering, cough, congestion of nose, laryngeal irritation, diarrhoea etc. 25-50 ml of Kabasura kudineer given for 6-12 weeks to boost the immunity [8,9]. Hence due to its potent immunological properties it is suggested by Tamil Nadu government as a remedy for COVID-19 control but most of the population are unaware of its importance and properties.

According previous researches Rjalakshmi K et al in 2018 had tested the antimicrobial efficacy of kabasura kudineer and reported that it had potent action against bacteria’s and viruses similar to commercial medicines [10] whereas Natarajan S et al in 2020 had done a randomized control trial with kabasura kudineer and vitamin C supplementation for asymptomatic COVID-19 and they found a positive outcome with the users of kabasura kudineer chooranam [5]. A survey study is been reported by Dharani Bala et al in 2020 in Tamil nadu and found that there is a need to improve the attitude of people towards the use of Kabasura kudineer to boost their immunity and in rural areas people use kabasura kudineer as a home remedy to resist Covid-19 [11].

Henceforth it is the need of the hour to detect the awareness and knowledge of people over use of Kabasura kudineer which can be a side effect free booster of immunity and prevent people from various ailments especially respiratory infections. Our team has extensive knowledge and research experience that has translate into high quality publications [12-31]. Thus the aim of the study is to analyse the knowledge and awareness on the role of Kabasura kudineer on immunity among the adult population.

Material and Method

Self-administered structured questionnaires were designed based on the knowledge and awareness on the role of Kabasura kudineer on immunity among the adult population. . The questionnaire was distributed through online goggle forms link; the study population included 100 adults in Chennai. The participants were explained about the purpose of the study in detail. The questions were carefully studied and the corresponding answers were marked by the participants. The data was collected and statistically analysed in SPSS Version 23.0.The study was approved by the Institutional Review Board.

Results

Majority of 19 year old (52%) individuals had responded whereas 35% of 17 year old respondents among them nearly 97% were females and 88% were aware of kabasura kudineer. It was appreciable that 83% of respondents were aware that kabasura kudineer was a siddha formulation and only 50% were aware it was administered as concoction among which 78% of individuals knew that it is a perfect remedy for respiratory ailments. Majority (52%) respondents were aware about the herbal ingredients used. 95% of respondents knew that ginger promotes digestion. 86% respondents were aware that piper longum treats indigestion, asthma and cough whereas 92% were aware that clove helps in killing bacteria and promotes liver health. 59% of respondents had reported that dushpredha helps to treat haemorrhoids and 82% had declared that Kusta treats gout and indigestion. 63 % of respondents were aware that Raja pata and musta relieves them from fever.

Nearly 52% of respondents knew that antipyretic and immunomodulatory property and the properties of kabasura kudineer and the association between age and the responses had a significant difference with Chi- Square value 24.989 and p value 0.024 (<0.05) . Hence it was found to be statistically significant. 71% of respondents reported that kabasura kudineer provides effective remedy for fever, shivering, cough, nasal congestion, laryngeal irritation, diarrhoea, body pain whereas only 16% were aware that it will be given for 24 days and 9% were aware that it will be given 100-120ml. 59% respondent reported that kabasura kudineer has no side effect whereas 87% respondents reported that it boosts immunity and 49% reported that it helped in managing COVID-19 and used as prophylactic against COVID-19 which 86% were aware that Tamil Nadu government helped to supply kabasura kudineer which helped the government to control COVID. Association between age and the responses on Kabasura kudineer as an immunity booster had a significant difference with Pearson Chi-Square value 10.58 and p value 0.104 (>0.05). Hence it was found to be statistically not significant. Association between age and the response on Kabasura kudineer promotes liver health had a significant difference with Pearson Chi-Square value 28.383 and p value 0.001 (<0.05). Hence it was found to be statistically significant (Figures 1-13).

medical-dental-adults-awareness

Figure 1:The pie chart illustrates the percentage of responses by adults on awareness of Kabasura kudineer. 88% of people had responded yes (blue) and 12% responded no (green).

medical-dental-dusparsha-akarakarabha

Figure 2:The pie chart illustrates the percentage of responses by adults on herbal ingredients used in Kabasura kudineer. 5% people responded as Ginger , piper Longum (blue),5% people responded as Clove, dusparsha, akarakarabha (green), 1% people responded as Kokilaksha , haritaki (beige),1% people responded as Malabar nut , ajwain (purple), 2% people responded as Kusta, guduchi (red), 3% people responded as Kalamegha, Raja pata, musta (Seenthil Thandu), Bharani (grey), 52% people responded as All of the above (light blue) and 31% people were not aware (yellow).

medical-dental-adults-awareness

Figure 3:The pie chart illustrates the percentage of responses by adults on awareness of ginger as a promoter of digestion. 95% of people had responded yes (blue) and 5% responded no (green).

medical-dental-promoter-digestion

Figure 4:The pie chart illustrates the percentage of responses by adults on awareness of ginger as a promoter of digestion. 95% of people had responded yes (blue) and 5% responded no (green).

medical-dental-indigestion-prevents

Figure 5:The pie chart illustrates the percentage of responses by adults on awareness of piper longum promotes indigestion, prevents cough and asthma. 86% of people had responded yes (blue) and 14% responded no (green).

medical-dental-liver-health

Figure 6:The pie chart illustrates the percentage of responses by adults on awareness of Clove as a promoter of liver health. 92% of people had responded true (blue) and 8% responded false (green).

medical-dental-antibacterial-antifungal

Figure 7:The pie chart illustrates the percentage of responses by adults on awareness of properties of Kabasura kudineer. About 4% had responded antiinflammatory, analgesic (blue), 10% had responded antiviral, antibacterial, antifungal (green), 6% had responded that antioxidant, hepatomegalyprotective (beige), 25% had responded that immunomodulatory property (purple), 3% had responded that they were not aware about the property (yellow) and 52% had responded all of the above are the properties of Kabasura Kudineer (red).

medical-dental-fever-green

Figure 8:The pie chart illustrates the percentage of responses by adults on curing potency of kabasura kudineer. Shivering (blue) responded by 6% of adults, fever (green) by 9%, nasal congestion (purple) (6%), laryngeal irritation (yellow) by 9% , diarrhoea (red) by 1%, fever (green) and cough (beige) by 3% and 71% responses were given for all of the above (light blue).

medical-dental-adults-side

Figure 9:The pie chart illustrates the percentage of responses by adults on side effects of kabasura kudineer. 87% of people had responded yes (blue) and 13% responded no (green).

medical-dental-antifungal-property

Figure 10: Bar chart showing the association between age and responses to properties of kabasura kudineer. X axis denotes age and Y axis denotes percentage of responses. Blue represents antiinflammatory and analgesic property, green denotes antiviral, antibacterial and antifungal property, purple denotes immunomodulatory property, beige denotes antioxidant, hepato-protective property, yellow denotes don’t know and red denotes all of the above. Majority (25%) of 19 year old participants were more aware about the properties of kabasura kudineer than any other age group participants. Association between age and the responses had a significant difference with Pearson Chi-Square value 24.989 and p value 0.024 (<0.05). Hence it was found to be statistically significant.

medical-dental-Kabasura-kudineer

Figure 11: Bar chart illustrates the correlation graph between age and the responses on kabasura kudineer as a prophylactic agent against COVID-19. XAxis denotes age and Y axis denotes the percentage of responses. Blue denotes yes, green denotes no and beige denotes maybe. Majority (30%) of 19 year old participants were more aware that Kabasura kudineer was the prophylactic agent for COVID-19 than any other age group participants. Association was done between age and the responses on Kabasura kudineer as a prophylactic agent for COVID-19 which was found with Pearson Chi-Square Value 10.998 and p value 0.08 (>0.05). Hence it was found to be statistically not significant.

medical-dental-Blue-yes

Figure 12: Bar chart showing the association between age and responses to Kabasura kudineer as an immunity booster. X axis denotes age and Y axis denotes percentage of responses. Blue represents yes and green represents no. Majority (47%) of 19 year old participants were aware that kabasura kudineer was an immunity booster than any other age group participants. Association between age and the responses on Kabasura kudineer as an immunity booster had a significant difference with Pearson Chi- Square value 10.58 and p value 0.104 (>0.05). Hence it was found to be statistically not significant.

medical-dental-Blue-false

Figure 13: Bar chart showing the association between age and responses to Kabasura kudineer promotes liver health. X axis denotes age and Y axis denotes percentage of responses. Blue represents true and green represents false. Majority (49%) of 19 year old participants were aware that kabasura kudineer promotes liver health more than any other age group participants. Association between age and the response on Kabasura kudineer promotes liver health had a significant difference with Pearson Chi- Square value 28.383 and p value 0.001 (<0.05). Hence it was found to be statistically significant.

Discussion

Our team has extensive knowledge and research experience that has translate into high quality publications [12-31]. Based on the previous study done by S.Natarajan in 2020, the author had reported that Kabasura kudineer was more potent in controlling and treating COVID-19 over Vitamin C Supplementation whereas from our study nearly 50% were aware that it helped as a prophylactic agent in controlling COVID -19 but on comparison between the management of COVID -19 with Kabasura kudineer with age illustrated no significant difference (p= 0.09).

Similarly, in the other study done by Sree kumar 2020 [32] reported that kabasura kudineer helps to bring body to normal conditions in respiratory illness whereas in the current study 78% respondents were aware that kabasura kudineer helps in curing respiratory ailments. The correlation between the responses on kabasura kudineer treating respiratory ailments with age demonstrated significant difference with p value 0.01.

A previous study done on Coronavirus spike glycoproteins targeted siddha medicine (kabasura kudineer) and concluded that the phytocompounds prevents the binding of spikes with host receptors and acts as potential prophylactic agents in managing COVID-19 whereas in the current study 82% were aware that COVID -19 is been controlled by the government with the use of Kabasura kudineer. The comparison between Control of COVID-19 by the government with age showed no significant difference with p value 0.18 [33-35].

There are several limitations of the study such as increase in sample size, inclusion of more criteria, survey fatigue, homogenous population and response bias. Future scope of the study is that awareness about the concoction can help people to use it on a daily basis to keep them protected against infections like COVID-19 and scientific approach in medicine can be done to avoid complications which would help them to be safe from Coronavirus.

Conclusion

Within the limitations of the study, the current study concludes that sufficient knowledge was not found among adults about kabasura kudineer and its uses in preventing COVID-19. Hence more studies have to be done to make it as a prophylactic agent which could be used worldwide with fewer side effects.

Author Contribution

Tahoora Taskeen L and Vishnu Priya had done the questionnaire preparation, data collection, statistical analysis and manuscript writing. Vishnu Priya had edited and revised the manuscript of the present study.

Funding Source

The present study was supported by the following agencies.

Saveetha Dental College, SIMATS, Saveetha University.

Tancreative company.

Acknowledgement

The authors are grateful to the participants of the study for helping us to complete the study with perfect results.

Conflict of Interest

The author declares that there was no conflict of interest in the present study.

References

Author Info

Tahoora Taskeen L, V Vishnu Priya* and R. Gayathri

Department of Biochemistry, Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University, Chennai-600077, India
 

Citation: Tahoora Taskeen L, V Vishnu Priya, R Gayathri, Awareness on Role of Kabasura Kudineer on Immunity among Adult Population , J Res Med Dent Sci, 2021, 9(11): 235-241

Received: 09-Sep-2021 Accepted: 10-Nov-2021

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