KAP Survey Regarding the Basics of Orthodontics among Dental Students
Introduction: Orthodontics is a dental speciality that focuses on the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of crooked teeth
and jaws, as well as incorrect bite patterns. It comprises the use of braces and other tools to gradually shift the teeth and
Materials and Methods: A survey-based questionnaire was used to test dental students' knowledge of the fundamentals of orthodontics. The Google Forms tool was used to collect a total of ten questions. This survey saw a total of 250 people take part. The data was analysed using SPSS.
Results: The data was analysed and the results were gathered. The majority of the participants were males who were pursuing their undergraduate degrees.
Conclusion: According to the findings, the majority of 4th year students and interns were familiar with the fundamentals of orthodontics among dentistry students.
Awareness, Dental students, Knowledge, Orthodontics, innovative survey
Orthodontics is a dental specialty that focuses on correcting malocclusions. According to the American Association of Orthodontics, about half of the population has malocclusions. Many people have teeth that are crowded or crooked. The teeth will be straightened or moved into a better place with orthodontic therapy [1,2]. This can improve the appearance of the teeth and the way they bite together, as well as make them easier to clean . Malocclusion of the teeth is when your teeth are misaligned . This can lead to oral health complications if left untreated . Treatment can improve the appearance of the teeth, but it canal Treatment not only improves the appearance of the teeth, but it can also improve chewing and speech performance and, in some situations, help preserve teeth from damage or decay [6,7]. The orthodontist uses a variety of medical dental equipment, like as headgear, plates, and braces, to achieve these aims .
Orthodontic treatment, like any other medical treatment, comes with its own set of complications . To ensure that each patient receives a net profit from care, the clinician must consider how these risks apply to them from an ethical perspective . Failure to adequately define and handle the risks associated with orthodontic care can result in both patient dissatisfaction and legal action . Periodontal disease, pain, root resorption, temporomandibular disorder, caries, speech disorders, and enamel damage are all complications of orthodontic treatment . Since no two patients or orthodontic procedures are ever alike in any way, determining whether care can result in a net profit must be done on a case-by-case basis [13,14]. The study's aim is to assess dentistry students' understanding, awareness, and perceptions of orthodontic therapy.
Materials And Methods
During this study, a convenient sample size of 200 consecutive respondents was used. A cross-sectional online observational study with dichotomous response and multiple choice questions was conducted using Google forms. The Institutional Ethical Committee gave its moral approval to the project. The questionnaire covers nine questions about dental students' knowledge, awareness, and perceptions about orthodontic therapy.Statistical analysis
The data was gathered and entered into an excel spreadsheet, which was then fed into the SPSS software for statistical analysis. A descriptive analysis was performed, and the Chi-square test was used to determine data correlation.
Results And Discussion
The data was analysed and the results were obtained. The survey form was completed by 250 students in total. The majority of the participants were males who were pursuing their undergraduate degrees. The majority of 4th year students and interns were more knowledgeable about orthodontics than others, followed by 1st, 2nd, and 3rd year students and interns. The difference, however, is statistically significant. (Chi-square value-10.105, p value-0.120 (>0.05) hence significant) (Figure1).
Figure 1: A bar graph depicting the relationship between the participants' year of study and their awareness of orthodontics. The X-axis represents the study year, and the Y-axis shows the number of participants, with beige representing the correction of malposition teeth and jaws, green representing the restoration of decaying teeth, and blue representing bleeding gums. The majority of 4th year students and interns were more knowledgeable about orthodontics than others, followed by 1st, 2nd, and 3rd year students and interns. The difference, however, is statistically significant. (Chi-square value-10.105, p value-0.120 (>0.05) hence significant).
The majority of 4th year students and interns were more knowledgeable about the primary radiograph required for orthodontic treatment than the others, followed by 1st, 3rd, and 4th year students and interns. The difference, however, is statistically significant. (Chi-square value-7.193, p value-0.584 (>0.05) hence significant) (Figure 2).
Figure 2: The bar graph depicts the relationship between the participant’s year of study and their awareness of the primary radiograph required for orthodontic treatment. The X-axis represents the research year, and the Y-axis shows the number of participants, with purple indicating RVG, beige indicating OPG, green indicating cephalometric X-rays, and blue indicating all of the above. The majority of 4th year students and interns, followed by 1st, 2nd, and 3rd year students and interns, were more aware of the primary radiograph required for orthodontic treatment than others. The difference, however, is statistically significant. (Chi-square value-7.193, p value-0.584 (>0.05) hence significant)
Children and adolescents have been the subjects of the vast majority of studies on the need for orthodontic treatment [15-16]. Children self-perceived a greater treatment need than was professionally assessed on aesthetic grounds in questionnaire-based investigations . However, the demand for orthodontic treatment in children is difficult to predict, and it will fluctuate dramatically as they become older [18-19]. Furthermore, an older adult's self-perception of treatment needs may differ from the treatment needs assessed by orthodontic experts . Adults, according to many authors, consistently underestimate the ultimate treatment required in terms of dental health . Participants believed that orthodontic treatment would not improve their mastication, speaking, or job chances [22-23]. Patients and parents expected orthodontic treatment to improve mastication, speech, and future occupational success, according to Shaw et al .
The current study has significant limitations, such as the limited sample size of the study population (only 200 individuals). We could raise awareness and educate people about the fundamentals of orthodontics. Our team has a wealth of research and knowledge that has resulted in high-quality publications [25-45] (Table 1).
Table 1: The differences between the P value of 1st, 2nd, and 3rd year students and interns.
|QUESTIONS||CHOICES||1st year||2nd year||3rd year||4th year||Interns||P-VALUE|
|Primary radiograph||All the above||21||20||21||24||24||0.106|
|Type of material||All the above||35||36||36||38||38||0.025|
|Quality of life||5||6||8||6||6|
|6- 36 months||37||35||37||39||40|
|Duration of treatment||<1 month||3||3||4||3||3||0.011|
|Age of treatment||10-12 years||5||6||5||4||5|
The present study thus concluded that the dental students who were studying 4th year and interns were aware of the basics of orthodontics. In that way the current study believed that this work would cause awareness about the basics of orthodontics.
This research was done under the supervision of the Department of Orthodontics, Saveetha dental College and Hospital. We sincerely show gratitude to the corresponding guide who provided insight and expertise that greatly assisted the research.
Source Of Funding
The present study was supported by the following agencies.
- Saveetha Dental college & Hospitals
- Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences, Saveetha University
- Vasutha Industries, Chennai, Tamilnadu.
Conflict Of Interest
There was no potential conflict of interest.
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Citation: Remmiya Mary Varghese, Vamshi Ram V, kap survey regarding the basics of orthodontics among dental students,J Research Med Dent Sci, 2022, 10 (5):198-202.
Received: 22-Feb-2022, Manuscript No. JRMDS-22-48782; , Pre QC No. JRMDS-22-48782; Editor assigned: 25-Feb-2022, Pre QC No. JRMDS-22-48782; Reviewed: 11-Mar-2022, QC No. JRMDS-22-48782; Revised: 25-Apr-2022, Manuscript No. JRMDS-22-48782; Published: 02-May-2022