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Review Article on Pursed Lip Breathing Exercise

Journal of Research in Medical and Dental Science
eISSN No. 2347-2367 pISSN No. 2347-2545

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Review Article - (2022) Volume 10, Issue 5

Review Article on Pursed Lip Breathing Exercise

Archana Dhengare* and Savita Pohekar

*Correspondence: Archana Dhengare, Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Smt. Radhikabai Meghe Memorial College of Nursing Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences, Maharashtra, India, Email:

Author info »

Abstract

Mortality rate of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is more than 3 million people every year, making it 3rd largest cause of death in the world. It has been estimated that by the year 2030 chronic obstructive pulmonary disease will become the third biggest cause of death. Pursed Lip Breathing (PLB) is an important component of respiratory exercise preparation that is used by Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) patients to relieve dyspnea symptoms. According to the results of this study, patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary disease patients who practiced pursed lip breathing exercise 20 minutes, 2 times a day for 15 days had improvement of the breathing pattern which was statistically proved. Hence pursed lip breathing exercise was cost effective, non-invasive, and highly feasible. Hence the researcher concluded that pursed lip breathing exercise can be practice as an effective intervention on improving breathing pattern among chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients.

Keywords

Breathing exercise, Borg scale, Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Introduction

Pursed lip breathing is a breathing method designed to make breathing easier by making breathing lent and deliberate. Does this after you inhale by slowly and purposefully pocking lips and exhaling through them, always to a count?

Respiration of the pursed lip provides greater breathing control that is especially important for people with lung conditions such as COPD.

Description

Definition

Pursed lip breathing is a simple technique for slowing the breathing and bringing more air into the lungs. This can help the lungs to work more effectively with regular practice.

Technique of pursed lip breathing exercise: Pursed lip breathing until the second nature should be exercised. If focused or relaxed, it is most effective. This is the way to do it.

  • Sit straight or lie down with back. Relax as much as possible with shoulders.
  • Inhale two seconds through nose; feel like the air moves into abdomen. Instead of just lunging, try filling the abdomen with air.
  • Pay lips like a blow on warm food, then breathe slowly and exhalate twice as long as the intake.
  • Try it again, then. Inhalation and exhalation levels can be increased by 2 seconds to 4 seconds over time [1].

Purpose of pursed lip breathing exercise: For people with lung conditions that make it harder for them to respire, this is particularly useful. Pursed lip breathing strengthens the structure of the lung and breathes at once, so don't have to struggle too hard to breathe. These can include Obstructive Pulmonary psychiatric Diseases (OPD), such as asthma, and restrictive pulmonary disease (PF) [2].

Lip breathing is also a component of treatment for chronic pulmonary obstructive disease (COPD). The capacity and breathing ability of individuals with this condition are dramatically declining. The condition progresses to excessive inflation of the lungs, reducing air exhalation ability. It can make breathing so hard that it affects the individual's quality of life [3].

The health benefits for COPD practitioners who use lip breathing are significant. One trusted source study found that lip breathing has reduced dynamic hyperinflation in people with COPD. Their tolerance to exercise, breathing habits and arterial oxygen have improved significantly [4].

COPD can only be delayed and the damage cannot be remedied once it happens. This is why respiratory exercises are important to improve the function of the lung. They make respiration much easier [5].

Benefits of Pursed lip breathing exercise: Pursed lip breathing will help to improve breathing and regulate it in many ways including:

  • Reducing the breath rate to alleviate shortness of breath
  • Keep the airways open longer, thus reducing the breathing work
  • Boost circulation by the removal of old lungs-trapped air (carbon dioxide) and by new fresh oxygen

The effects of pursed lip breathing on one side of the lung can also contribute to complete relaxation. Can calm the central nervous system by taking regular, deep breaths which have a calming effect in entire organ body. Help in lowering stress and anxiety [6].

Other breathing exercises

There are other types of breathing exercises, in addition to the pursed lip breathing. Some are designed to calm the central nervous system to soothe anxiety or panic disorders while others have the primary objective of increasing lung function and respiratory efficiency.

The other exercise that is most commonly used to treat lung conditions that make breathing more difficult is diaphragmatic breathing. This exercise is sometimes referred to as abdominal breathing or belly breathing. Sit or lie on back, with one hand on abdomen and one on chest. Sit or lie on back, with one hand on abdomen and one on chest. Inhale through nose, then gently press abdomen and slowly exhale to push diaphragm up and push the air out [7].

Other types of breathing exercises include

  • Breathing tube, inhaling and holding breath, then exhaling and holding breath for similar numbers .
  • Sama Vritti, or equal breathing, where you inhale and exhale on equal counts to help in relax [8].
Takeaway

Breathing with pursed lips should be practiced until a second habit is created. If have it mastered, it will help boost breath control and make exercise more tolerable, particularly if have conditions like COPD in lungs. If necessary, use it during the most difficult parts of an exercise [9].

Risks and complications of pursed lip breathing exercise

Pursed lip respiration has no associated risks or complications. But make sure let doctor know right away if experience a significant decline in lung function. May need to change the diagnosis [10].

Conclusion

According to the results of this study, patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary disease patients who practiced pursed lip breathing exercise 20 minutes, 2 times a day for 15 days had improvement of the breathing pattern which was statistically proved. Hence pursed lip breathing exercise was cost effective, non-invasive, and highly feasible. Hence the researcher concluded that pursed lip breathing exercise can be practice as an effective intervention on improving breathing pattern among chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients.

References

Author Info

Archana Dhengare* and Savita Pohekar

1Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Smt. Radhikabai Meghe Memorial College of Nursing Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences, Maharashtra, India
 

Citation: Archana Dhengare, Savita Pohekar, Review Article on Pursed Lip Breathing Exercise , J Res Med Dent Sci, 2022, 10(5):101-102.

Received: 21-Feb-2022, Manuscript No. 47277; , Pre QC No. 47277; Editor assigned: 23-Feb-2022, Pre QC No. 47277; Reviewed: 09-Mar-2022, QC No. 47277; Revised: 22-Apr-2022, Manuscript No. 47277; Published: 09-May-2022

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