A Comparative Study on Left Ventricular Mass in Hypertensive Patients with and Without Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Objectives: Hypertension and Diabetes- a worldwide burden is a major risk factor for cerebro-vascular accident and is the most modifiable factor in cardiovascular diseases.
Methods: This is a prospective cross-sectional study conducted in Sree Balaji Medical College and Hospital. 50 patients with hypertension alone for more than 5 years ,50 patients with diabetes and hypertension for more than 5 years were considered the study population and those not suffering from any cardiac disease of were taken as control. All patients were above the age of 30 years.
Results: There is significant statistical correlation between age group and left ventricular mass in hypertension with diabetes group (p =0.015). There is significant statistical correlation with both males(p<0.000) and females (p<0.000) with respect to left ventricular mass in hypertension and diabetes population. Females were at higher chances of having increased left ventricular mass compared to males based on chi square value. There was significant statistical correlation between BMI and left ventricular mass (p<0.004).
Conclusion: The study shows that there is increased left ventricular mass in females with hypertension and diabetes mellitus when compared to females with hypertension alone but not in males.