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A Deceiver Feature of SCC: A Rare Case of Oral Lichen Planus Malignant Transformation | Abstract

Journal of Research in Medical and Dental Science
eISSN No. 2347-2367 pISSN No. 2347-2545

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A Deceiver Feature of SCC: A Rare Case of Oral Lichen Planus Malignant Transformation

Author(s): Maryam Moshaverinia, Afshin Bagheri, Razieh Zare, Hajar Shakibasefat*

Abstract

Oral Lichen Planus (OLP) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the oral mucosa. Patients with OLP have an increased risk of developing Oral Squamous Cell Carcinomas (OSCCS), with a reported malignant transformation rate between 0% and 5.3%. Current case report is a patient with a primary feature of erythematouse lichen planus but the last feature of OSCC. The nature of OLP favors an active-quiescent-active course. The active course may happen after direct irritation, pchycological stress, medication use, and systemic disease. In our case, presumably, emotional stress was a trigger for exacerbating the disease. Worsening ulceration and induration are clues of malignant transformation and carefull follow up sessions are mandatory for these patients.

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