A Study on the Distribution of Cutaneous Malignancies in a Tertiary Care Hospital
Background: Skin cancers range from basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, broadly grouped as non-melanoma skin cancers and malignant melanoma. Squamous cell carcinoma is common in Indian subcontinent whereas cutaneous melanoma is common in western population. The other malignancies like cutaneous T cell lymphomas are quite rare but an astute dermatologist can suspect and detect them at an earlier stage.
Materials and Methods: This study was conducted to determine the clinical and histopathological aspects of cutaneous malignancies of the patients attending the outpatient department of dermatology. This study is a retrospective study with data analyses from cases attending the OPD from January 2020 to December 2020. The data was assessed according to the age, risk factors and histopathology.
Results: A total of 12 cases of cutaneous malignancies were diagnosed both clinically and histopathologically. Of the 12 cases, 4 were Basal cell carcinomas, 4 cases of squamous cell carcinoma, 1 case of cutaneous T cell lymphoma, 2 cases of acral melanoma and one case of angiosarcoma. Nodulo-ulcerative type of BCC was common in this study. In the case of malignant melanoma, acral lentiginous type was encountered in both our cases. Baso squamous type of SCC was commonly observed.
Conclusion: Though cutaneous malignancies are not very common in everyday practice, little suspicion must always be in mind when dealing with atypical cases and cases which are not responding to conventional methods and in doubt never hesitate to perform histopathological examination.