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A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Programme Regarding Cancer Therapy among the College Students in a Selected College at Chennai | Abstract

Journal of Research in Medical and Dental Science
eISSN No. 2347-2367 pISSN No. 2347-2545

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A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Programme Regarding Cancer Therapy among the College Students in a Selected College at Chennai

Author(s): C Geetha, G Gowri and AR Bharathi*

Abstract

Background: Cancer therapy describes the treatment of cancer in a patient, often with surgery. Chemotherapy, radiation therapy, targeted therapy, immunotherapy, hormone therapy are also available for some cancer types. As per Indian Population census data, the rate of mortality due to cancer in India was high and alarming with about 8, 06,000 existing cases by the end of the last century. Objective: “A study to assess the effectiveness of structured teaching programme regarding cancer therapy among the college students in a selected college at Chennai”. Methodology: The selected study design was Quasi-experimental research design (one group pre-test and post-test design). A purposive random sampling technique was used for the study. The sample size for the study consists of 50 students between the age group of 18-23 years. The data collection period was two weeks. Permission was obtained from the Head of the Department of Nursing conducting the study at College of nursing .Self Structured Questionnaires were administered and structured teaching programme on cancer therapy was given who Undergone pre-test. During the slide show session, students asked many doubts and it was clarified. The post test was administered with the same tool to the same group after 7 days. Results: The study finding shows that 50 (100%) had inadequate, none of them had moderate knowledge, none of them had adequate knowledge in pre-test. In post- test 2 (4%) had inadequate knowledge, 21 (42%) had moderate knowledge and 27 (54%) had adequate knowledge. The study findings revealed that there was a significant improvement in the post test. The improvement mean score was in pre-test 22% and in post-test 77.68% with ‘t’ value 23.2 which shows high significant at p<0.05, it shows the effectiveness of structure teaching programme. Conclusion: The study concluded that structured teaching programme was effective in improving knowledge towards cancer therapy.

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