A Systematic Review on Periodontal Disease
Periodontal diseases are consisting wide range of inflammatory conditions which causes degeneration of Periodontium and affects all supporting structures of teeth such as gingiva, periodontal ligament, cementum, and alveolar bone etc. followed by teeth loss. WHO had reported about 10-15% of world population is suffering from severe periodontal condition? It is complex infectious disease caused by aggressive microbial growth on teeth. The main aim of this study is to provide systemic update on periodontal disease regarding its stages, occurrence, pathophysiology, diagnosis, treatment, and management. The pathophysiology of periodontal disease is associated with dental plaque, microbial biofilm formation and immunogenicity of host cell. The severity of this disease depends upon risk factors and chronological stages. Prevention is attained by daily maintenance of oral hygiene. Various surgical and non-surgical treatments are available to control the formation of microbial biofilm. Daily maintenance and periodic management of this disease control worsening of condition and shows definite improvement in oral health.