Bioresorbable Plate Systems for Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery: A Review
Stable fixation is required for uncomplicated bony healing and optimum remodelling in maxillofacial osteosynthetic procedures. Although traditional titanium plates and screws for firm fixation in craniofacial procedures are regarded the gold standard, Various maxillofacial osteosynthetic operations, such as orthognathic surgery, maxillofacial fractures, and reconstructive surgery, typically use bioresorbable plates and screw systems. The palpability, mutagenic consequences, and interference with imaging of titanium plates limit their usage, which may necessitate eventual removal; the use of a biologically resorbable material overcomes these limitations. These restrictions might be addressed by an osteofixation system. However, several difficulties remain, including lower mechanical strength and stability, sluggish biodegradation, complicated procedures, and the bioresorbable implant materials available. The use of bioactive/resorbable osteoconductive materials has resulted in significant advancements in bioresorbable plate systems. This study provides an overview of current resorbable implant materials and their uses, with a focus on recent inventive improvements and new developments in the field.