Comparative Characteristics of the Levels of Physical Development of Young Gujarati Males and Females
Purpose of the study: To examine at the sex-based differences in anthropometric and somatotypological parameters of Gujarati young males and young females at the age of 17-21 years. Materials and methods: The object of the study was a group of 147 young males and 105 young females of the Gujarati ethnicity, at the age of 17-21. Anthropometry was performed with a standard set of instruments followed by entering the data into a specially designed form. The measured parameters included the following: body length, weight, transverse chest diameter, sagittal chest diameter, chest circumference during a pause of breathing, maximum chest circumference now of inhalation, minimum chest circumference now of exhalation, shoulder width, pelvic width; besides that, the difference between the values of the chest circumference during inhalation and exhalation was calculated. The Pignet, Tanner, Erisman, Rhys-Eysenck, and Quetelet II indices were calculated. The results of the anthropometric survey were processed by variational and statistical methods. Results and discussion: All absolute anthropometric parameters were significantly higher in young men, except for the width of the pelvis and the difference in chest circumference at maximum inhalation and exhalation. The body length of young males averaged 171.75 ± 0.50 cm, for young females this value was 156.83 ± 0.59 cm; the body weight of young males averaged 63.57 ± 1.17 kg, the weight of young females was 53.37 ± 1.09 kg; the value of the biacromial diameter in young males was 39.80 ± 0.17 cm, and in young females, 34.30 ± 0.19 cm; the frontal diameter of the chest in young males was 26.86 ± 0.18 cm, and in young females, 23.03 ± 0.18 cm; the circumference of the chest in young males at the time of the pause of breathing was 87.8 ± 0.68 cm, and in young females 79.96 ± 0.54 cm. Conclusion: The absolute anthropometric parameters, except for the pelvic width, were higher in young men. Male of athletic body type were characterized by a narrow chest, andromorphy, and normal body weight. The pyknic young males in most cases had a wide chest, a mesomorphic body type according to Tanner's classification and overweight. Young females of the asthenic body type were characterized by a narrow chest, mesomorphism, and underweight. Among young females of an athletic body type, mesomorphism, a narrow chest, and normal body weight were more often observed. Most young females with a pyknic body type had a wide chest, a gynomorphic body type, and overweight.