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Comparison of Prevalence of Leukoplakia in Males and Females among Chennai Population | Abstract

Journal of Research in Medical and Dental Science
eISSN No. 2347-2367 pISSN No. 2347-2545

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Comparison of Prevalence of Leukoplakia in Males and Females among Chennai Population

Author(s): Akash N and Lakshminarayanan Arivarasu*

Abstract

Aim: The aim of the study is to assess the prevalence of leukoplakia in males and females among the Chennai population. Introduction: Leukoplakia can be defined as a Thickened, white patch inside the mouth. Most leukoplakia patches are non-cancerous, but some show unique signs of cancer. They look differently in different areas of the mouth. Oral leukoplakia malignancy significantly differs with different tobacco habits. The most common cause of oral leukoplakia in makes is cigarettes and chewing tobacco. The most common cause of oral leukoplakia in women is betel leaves with calcium hydroxide and chewing tobacco. Methodology: This a descriptive study of prevalence of leukoplakia in males and females among the Chennai population. The collection of data of Saveetha dental college and hospitals called DIAS has been taken for the research study. Analysing the data, ratio is obtained, and SPSS software has been used to plot the graphs and the final data has been interpreted. Results and discussion: The total number of male and female patients has been obtained from the DIAS, they are then looked into the general examination to check the prevalence of oral leukoplakia. The data of patients with oral leukoplakia are segregated. Conclusion: From the study we can conclude that, the prevalence of leukoplakia in Chennai population is found to be 7.84%, and the prevalence is more among the males, which is about 5.68%.

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