Developmental Defects of Enamel in Children withand Without Cleft Lip:A Case Control Study
Orofacial clefts is the most common craniofacial birth defect and the fourth common congenital malformation in humans which require multidisciplinary care. Enamel defects are commonly seen in deciduous and permanent teeth especially maxillary incisors in an individual with cleft lip, palate,and alveolus. Hence a study was conducted to analyse the developmental defects of enamel in children with cleft lip and compare with children without cleft lip. Retrospective data collected from 89,000 case records from June 2019 to March 2020 were taken for the study. Based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria, the present study consisted of 6 children divided into two groups: children with cleft lip and children without cleft lip. In both groups, presence of developmental defects of enamel in the tooth were verified and data was tabulated. The data was subjected to Mann-Whitney test using SPSS software. Children in both the groups (with and without cleft lip) did not have any developmental defect of enamel. Within the limitations of the present study, there was no difference in the occurrence of developmental defects of enamel in children with and without cleft lip.