Effect of a Relaxation Training Exercise on Behaviour, Anxiety and Pain During Administration of Intra-Oral Local Anaesthesia in Children of Age 6 to 12 years: Randomized Controlled Trial
Author(s): Ivan Obadiah, EMG Subramanian*
Dental fear not only stands in the way of rendering proper care to the patient but also is stressful for the pediatric dentist as the treatment might require more time and resources. Because of these and many more reasons, behaviour guidance and management of the dental fear and anxiety is an essential part in rendering dental care to pediatric patients. The aim of the study is to evaluate the efficiency of this bubble breath exercise in improving the behaviour and in reducing the anxiety and pain perception in children of age 6 to 12 years, while injecting intraoral local anaesthesia. The study consisted of 60 children randomly allocated into two groups as 30 children in each group. The tools used to study the parameters were Frankl’s behaviour rating scale and Facial Index Scale (FIS) for behaviour and anxiety and Face Leg Activity Cry Consolability (FLACC) scale and Wong-Baker FACES pain scale for pain perception. The results were analysed statistically using SPSS Software version 23. Results of this study conclude that the bubble breath exercise is effective in improving the behaviour and reducing anxiety of the child but not much effective in reducing the pain perception during administration of local anaesthetic.