Evaluation of Bond Strength of Acrylic Artificial Teeth with Unreinforced and Nano Silica Reinforced Denture Base Material after Chemical Disinfection
Author(s): Mustafa S Tukmachi, Zainab A Azeez, Dhuha H Mohammed
Soaking dentures with disinfection solutions is an effective way of keeping dentures in a healthy status; however, immersions in these solutions have a negative effect on the bond strength of denture base and denture teeth. The aim of this study was to evaluate the bond strength between denture acrylic teeth and heat-cured Poly (methyl methacrylate) denture base material (with and without nano silica) after disinfection with different chemical disinfectants for a simulated period of six months. One hundred specimens of maxillary central incisors attached to PMMA were divided into two groups; 50 specimens of PMMA without nano silica and 50 specimens of PMMA reinforced with 5 wt% of nano silica. Specimens of each group were immersed in five immersion solutions (n=10): distal water (control), Fittydent® cleansing tablets, 4% chlorohexidine, 1% sodium hypochlorite and Dettol personal care solution. Bond strength were carried out in a universal testing machine with crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min. Data analysis was done using independent sample t-test, one-way ANOVA and Tukey’s HSD post hoc test. Results showed that bond strength increased significantly in nano silica groups compared to groups without nano silica. Bond strength decreased in all immersion groups, for both groups of PMMA, but the Dettol group showed the least significant decrease (P>0.05). Reinforcing PMMA denture base with nano silica increased the bond strength with acrylic teeth. Denture tablets, chlorohexidine and sodium hypochlorite decreased the bond strength significantly, while Dettol personal care solution did not significantly reduce bond strength.