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Evaluation of Location of the Nutrient Canals using Cone Beam Computed Tomography System in Chennai Population-A Retrospective Study | Abstract

Journal of Research in Medical and Dental Science
eISSN No. 2347-2367 pISSN No. 2347-2545

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Evaluation of Location of the Nutrient Canals using Cone Beam Computed Tomography System in Chennai Population-A Retrospective Study

Author(s): R Saravanan* and Gurumoorthy Kaarthikeyan

Abstract

Introduction: Nutrient canals are anatomic structures of the alveolar bone through which neurovascular elements transit to supply teeth and supporting structures. Dental identification using the nutrient canal of the mandibular alveolar process as the most compelling anatomic feature placement of implant. Materials and methods: The data were collected form Department of Oral medicine and Radiology patients visiting Saveetha Dental College and Hospital. The retrospective study was carried out among 100 patients in Chennai population. Radiographic Software Galileo's viewer has been used to identify the nutrient canal. Results: The results from the Cone beam computed Tomography system (CBCT). In which Table 1 shows the mean and standard deviation of nutrient canal measurement. Figure 2 shows the nutrient canal distribution among 100 patients. In which 6-10mm (54.55%) shows highest measurement in nutrient canal, 11-12mm(27.27%) of nutrient canal and 12-16mm(18.18%)shows lowest measurement among 100 patients. In which Figure 3 shows the gender distribution among 100 patients. In which 58%where male patients are higher and 42% where female patients (Figure 3), shows the age distribution among patient in which 41-60 (51%)years groups shows higher presence of nutrient canal, 20-40 (41%) years age groups shows and 61-75 (8%) years of age shows lowest presence of nutrient canal. In Figure 1 shows the association between age and nutrient canal in which chi-square test showing P=0.23 is not statistically significant and Figure 4 represents association between age and nutrient canal and chi square test showing 0.721 which is not statistically significant. Conclusion: The results of present study shows that 6-10 mm shows highest measurement of nutrient canal in mandibular anterior, 6-10 mm shows higher measurement at age group of 41-60 years of age compared with other age groups of people.

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