Exploration and Understanding of Lifestyle Modification with Conservative Treatment in Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome among Females Seeking Management for Primary Infertility
Author(s): Sana Tariq*, Lubna Razzak, Najia Bhatti, Basma Zia Isran, Syeda Sarah Batool, Sarah Siddiqui, Syeda Alisha Johar and Saadia Siddiqui
Introduction: PCOS is a major endocrinological syndrome that affects females and impairs hormonal stability thus having an impact on the normal functioning of some body systems. This has affected 6-20% of the female population min reproductive age and hence its diagnosis is important. Methods: This is a prospective cohort study. A total of 151 females were enrolled, asked about menstruation history, signs and symptoms of polycystic ovarian disease, and reproductive health. Educated about weight loss, lifestyle modifications, and initiated consulted first-line conservative treatment, all the aspects were reevaluated after 4 months for results. The data was analyzed in the statistical package of social sciences (SPSS) version 2021. Result: Lifestyle preferences indicated low to none physical activity and increased basal metabolic index in 85.4% of study participants, 60.9% were facing irregular periods, heavy bleeding was experienced by 16.6% participants.. 41.7% knew that lifestyle modification can help reduce adverse effects of the syndrome. After lifestyle modification, 68.9% indicated menstruation regularity, and 64.9% conceived without any medical intervention. Overall 79.5% of improvement in symptoms was recorded after the intervention, a total of 23.7% were taking medicines for insulin resistance, and 53.5% had a positive family history of diabetes and obesity. Conclusion: Lifestyle choices adopted by childbearing-aged females of Pakistan may predispose them to disorders including PCOS and infertility, early detection, proper management, and lifestyle modification including weight reduction, lower stress, and healthy diet improved menstruation regularity, and participants conceived without medical intervention.