Matrix System Preferred for Class II Composite Restoration in University Setup
Aim & Background: One of the most common problems faced by dentists in restorative dentistry is the isolation and matrix system used in restoring class II composite restoration. Dental students commonly face the problem of overhanging proximal margins and unsatisfactory proximal contact points while restoring Class II cavities in posterior teeth. Various matrix band systems are used in dental clinics to avoid such problems and ease of the dentist. The aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of use of various types of matrix system preferred in Class II composite restoration in a university setup. Methodology: A cross sectional retrospective study of, with a study population of 1567 patients visiting Saveetha Dental College and Hospital who had been treated with Class II composite, the use of different types of matrix bands were noted. The data was tabulated in SPSS by IBM and was used for data analysis The Statistical test used was the Chi Square test. Results: The gender prevalence of patients included in the study, which shows that 1227 of them were male (53.6%) and 1061 of them were female (46.4%). The most common age group was 31 to below 20 years of age were 635 patients in the age group of (27.7%). The meso occlusal Class II caries was found to be 1164 of the total tooth (50.9%) which is most common of all. 721 of. The affected teeth were maxillary molars (31.5%). In 1681 cases sectional matrix system was used. Conclusion: From the conducted study we see that males were most commonly affected by class II caries. We also saw that the most common age group was below 20 years of age. Maxillary molars are the most common tooth to be affected by class II caries. Meso-Occlusal caries are common of class II caries. Sectional matrix is the standard matrix band used in the university setup. There is a need to increase the knowledge and uses of ivory retainer as it is easy to use and has a tight contact.