Morphometric Analysis of Femoral Condyles in Dry Human Femur Bones and its Clinical Implications
The femur bone is the thigh bone which extends from the hip to the knee. It serves as an attachment point for all the muscles that exert their force over the hip and knee joints. The femur bone has 2 joints, the medial condyle and the distal condyle which has its specific length and breadth. The medial condyle is larger than the lateral condyle due to more weight bearing caused by the centre of mass being medial to the knee. The aim of the present study is to analyze the morphology and morphometry of condyles of femur and its clinical implication. The digital vernier calliper is used for the measurement of the condyles of femur bone. For this study, 36 femur bones were used from the department of anatomy of Saveetha dental college. The results revealed that there was a difference in dimensions of the right and the left femoral condyles. The present study thus concluded that prior knowledge of this morphological data might be useful in performing surgical procedures and many other studies.