Physiology Research in Africa: Current Trends, Challenges, and Future Directions
The growth in physiology education and research in Africa over a century ago has been characterized by the continent’s unusual chronicle. To satisfy the human insatiable quest for knowledge, it is necessary and unavoidable to engage in research which is a complex scientific enterprise. However, factors that include physical, political, socio-economic, legislative, and educational environmental play pivotal roles in research processes directly or indirectly. Despite the major issues facing us, this era predicts rapid progression in medical education, research, and quality healthcare delivery in Africa. This review aims to provide an overview of the current trends in physiology research in Africa, the challenges facing it, and proffer possible solutions for future directions. With the constant evolution of in vitro, in vivo and in silico experimental models, the need for continuous training of motivated young scientists in these fields is imperative to cope with the fast-rising research trends. Recent data have demonstrated a huge rise in the use of computer-based systems and web-based technologies in physiology research globally. Nevertheless, some of the challenges faced by physiology research include funding, expertise, regulations, and laws guiding the use of experimental models. Furthermore, the demand for international collaborations, industrial links, and public support for physiology and biomedical research in Africa cannot be overemphasized.