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Prevalence of Causative Factors Involved in Hematemesis | Abstract

Journal of Research in Medical and Dental Science
eISSN No. 2347-2367 pISSN No. 2347-2545

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Prevalence of Causative Factors Involved in Hematemesis

Author(s): Prakhar Nagar, P Vardaraju and K Kuberan*

Abstract

The associated co-morbid illness plays a significant role in deciding the mortality. Oesophago-Gastro-Duodenoscopy was used as a diagnostic and therapeutic tool in the management of UGIB. The most common finding was Gastritis, followed by Erosive Gastritis. Thus, Peptic ulcer disease is the commonest cause of UGIB. The Rock all score was used to triage the non-variceal upper gastrointestinal bleed patients into low and high-risk strata, and it was proved that higher the Rock all score, higher will be the mortality. Radiological and surgical interventions should be considered in patients refractory to conservative management, depending upon the circumstances. Mortality rate in our institute is 4%, which is best explained by the availability of an Upper GI bleed center and strict adherence to formed protocols. To analyze the incidence and severity of presentation, predict the prognosis and mortality risk of Non variceal bleeding using Rock all scoring system, delineate the specific cause and bleeding site using OGD Scopy and management of Upper GI bleeding.

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