Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis: A Prevalent Condition in Grow | 102697

Journal of Research in Medical and Dental Science
eISSN No. 2347-2367 pISSN No. 2347-2545

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Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis: A Prevalent Condition in Growing Indian Population

Author(s): Palak Bhaiyya*, Aarti Panchbhai, Pavan Bajaj and Gunjan Taori


Recurrent aphthous stomatitis also known as aphthous ulcer, aphthae or canker sores. These are the repeatedly occurring ulcers on oral mucous membrane characterized by pain and inflammation. The specific cause of its occurrence is unknown but various factors play a major role in it such as bacterial infection, Immunologic abnormalities, Iron, vitamin B12 and folic acid deficiency, genetic factors, etc. Other risk factors playing role are trauma, allergic reaction, psychic factors, systemic diseases, tobacco, endocrine factors and drugs. There are 3 types of recurrent aphthous stomatitis, as minor ulcers, major ulcers and herpetiform ulcers being the most prevalent. Most frequently they are characterized by many tiny round or oval mucosal ulcers having constricted edges, erythematous halos, yellow or grey floors. Minor form is seen in 80%, major RAS in 10% and herpetiform in 1 to 10% of the total cases. Rectification of defects like iron, folate, vitamin B12 or a combination of these elements helps in healing of ulcers. There is no specific therapy for healing of ulcers but avoiding meals like acidic food, hot beverages, etc. is proved helpful. Topical and systemic medication help to ease the pain and to avoid discomfort while eating. The present review article will provide insight into etiology and risk factors for occurrence of recurrent aphthous stomatitis.

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