Social Stressors and Quality of Life in Patients with Type II Diabetes Mellitus Visiting a Tertiary Care Hospital by Using Quality of life Enjoyment and Satisfaction Questionnaire?Short Form
Author(s): SaadiaYaqub Raja, Uzma Ghori, Haider Ali Naqvi, Sana Bilal, Ahsan Ali Siddiqui and Adnan Anwar*
Objective: Quality of life is affected by the social stressors along with diabetes. The objective of our study was to assess different aspects of social stressors amongst the patients with type II diabetes mellitus versus non- diabetic’s people by using the quality-of-life enjoyment and satisfaction questionnaire (Q-LES-Q-SF). Methodology: This case control study was piloted at Ziauddin University Hospital, Clifton Campus, South, Karachi, by using consecutive sampling technique. The period of the study was one year after the approval of synopsis. Ethical approval was permitted by the Ethical Review Committee of Ziauddin University Hospital. A total of 272 patients were divided equally into two groups were selected for this study, and their ages were ranging from 25 to 60 years. 136 patients were in the case study group who had Type II diabetes, whereas 136 patients were in the control group who were healthy. To measure depression, the Q-LES-Q-SF Scale was used to record depressing symptoms. SPSS version 21 was used for the analysis of data. Chi-square test and t test was used for the significance Results: It showed that a significant difference (p<0.001) was observed between mean age of the diabetics and non-diabetics. Significant difference (p=0.018) was observed between mean age duration of illness of the diabetics and non-diabetics. Significant difference (p=0.014) was observed in diabetes and non-diabetes with respect to social rating. Hypertension was observed with the significant difference (p<0.001). Diabetes was reported with the significant difference (p<0.001). Conclusion: This study concluded that most of the diabetic patients had a significant impact with respect to their quality of life which was based on social assessment, health care expenses, economic position, HbA1c level and comorbids because of that they showed depressing symptoms that were more common in diabetic patients as compared to non-diabetic individuals.