Kemal Ozden

Department of Political Science and International Relations, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, Nile University of Nigeria, Abuja, Nigeria


  • Research   
    The Effects of COVID-19 Pandemic Outbreak on the Household Economy
    Author(s): Bilal Celik, Kemal Ozden and Senol Dane*

    Introduction: COVID-19 pandemic outbreak increased panic, anxiety, and depression level in both young and adult people and changed food consumption preferences. In the present study, the effects of COVID-19 pandemic outbreak and lockdown on the household economy (income and expenses) were investigated. Method: This research consisted of four hundred and ninety-three participants/families. All of them accepted voluntarily to take part in this study (364 men and 129 women). An online survey was generated to get the household economy parameters, including income, total expenditure, and other expenses during COVID-19 pandemic outbreak. The survey was conducted during the lockdown period of COVID-19 when all participants were self-isolated at their residences. Results: There was a significant decrease in family incomes .. Read More»

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