Nancy Ajwa

Dr, Department of Preventive Dentistry, Riyadh Elm University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia


  • Review Article   
    Functional Appliances Effectiveness and Stability of Treating Class II Skeletal Malocclusion: A Systematic Review
    Author(s): Nancy Ajwa*

    Background: Skeletal malocclusion is a serious condition, which has many complications that affect oral health as causing dental trauma and mastication difficulties. There are many strategies for correction of class II malocclusion in growing age, including the use of functional appliance as a growing modification. The functional appliance aims to modify the position of mandible sagittal and vertically and to induce lengthening of the mandible by increasing the growth at condylar cartilage. Therefore, these appliances have the maximum effect when applies early, among the growing phase. Aim: The current review aimed to systematically assess the literature on the effectiveness of fixed and removable functional appliances and determines its stability results among growing patients with skeletal class II malocclusion. Material and methods: .. Read More»

    Abstract HTML PDF