Rahila Imtiaz

Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, KMDC Abbasi Shaheed Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan


  • Review   
    Endometriosis: Overview and Management Options: A Review Article
    Author(s): Madhu Bala, Erum Jahan, Uzma Hashami, Momna Khan, Shazia Tabassum* and Rahila Imtiaz

    Endometriosis is a chronic disease that is basically benign but can cause innumerable symptoms including infertility. The reason is the lining of the uterus (endometrium), which grows outside the uterus and there also behaves in a cycle-dependent manner. Severe pain before and during the period (dysmenorrhea), especially with adenomyosis, is suspect. This form of endometriosis also often causes pain during sex. If the intestine is affected, it can lead to cycle-dependent digestive difficulties or chronic abdominal pain outside of menstruation, problems with urination can indicate endometriosis of the bladder. The diagnosis is initially made according to the principle of exclusion: If neither cysts, fibroids nor hormonal causes are possible triggers for the symptoms mentioned above, it could be endometriosis. In some cases, foci of endometriosis can already be seen on the ultrasound, f.. Read More»

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