Anemia in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus as a Risk Factor for the Presence and Severity of Microvascular Complication-Diabetic Retinopathy
Aims and objectives: To estimate the prevalence of anemia in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. To assess the role of anemia as a risk factor for the presence and the severity of diabetic retinopathy among the diabetic in-patients and out-patients of Sree Balaji Medical College & Hospital, Chennai.
Methods: Single centre, cross-sectional analytical study was done. 100 patients who met the inclusion, as well as exclusion criteria, were included in the study. The study was conducted among the in-patients as well as out-patients of the Department of General Medicine, Sree Balaji Medical College & Hospital, Chennai.
Results: In our study, we observed that diabetic individuals had a higher prevalence of anemia of 69% when compared to the general population. We observed that anemia was more prevalent among the females, older age group and longer duration of diabetes mellitus.
Conclusion: Diabetic individuals have a higher prevalence of anemia than non-diabetic individuals. Anemia can be considered as an independent risk factor in the presence and severity of diabetic retinopathy. Diabetic Retinopathy, Anemia, Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.