Comparative Assessment of Effectiveness of Juglan Regia and Cinnamon Bark Mouthwash for the Treatment of Chronic Periodontitis-A Clinical Trial
Background: An antiplaque agent with minimal side effects that can be used as an effective adjunct to mechanical plaque control is needed. The current study is designed to evaluate the efficacy of juglan regia and cinnamon bark mouthwash in reduction of plaque and gingivitis. Methods: Thirty individuals with chronic generalized periodontitis were randomly assigned to three groups: 1) Group A, placebo mouthwash; 2) Group B, herbal mouthwash; and 3) group C, chlorhexidine (CHX) mouthwash. All individuals were instructed to rinse with their respective mouthwash twice daily. 1) Probing depth (PD); 2) Gingival index (GI); 3) Oral hygiene indexsimplified (OHIS) was measured at baseline and 10 days. Results: All three groups showed gradual reduction in PD, GI, and OHIS levels from baseline to 10 days. A significant difference was noticed with respect to reduction in PD, GI and OHIS in group I compared with groups II and III. Mean value of 2.727 ± 0.54 at baseline and 0.732 ± 0.35 after 10 days’ post-operative for gingival index was seen. However, no significant differences were found between groups II and III for any parameters at any time intervals. Conclusions: Herbal mouthwash was found to decrease inflammatory parameters from baseline to follow-up intervals. Because improvement in periodontitis was comparable with that of CHX mouthwash, Herbal mouthwash can be considered a potential therapeutic agent in the treatment of periodontitis.