Evaluation of Stability with Early Loading Utilizing Blx Sla and Slactive Dental Implants: A Clinical Comparative Study
Background: The use of a conventional implant loading protocol to replace missing teeth has been recorded for a longer period of time. Through developments in clinical techniques and implant surface modification, the treatment modalities have switched to shortening the healing time after surgery and regaining normal function in order to meet the functional and cosmetic needs of patients. So, many implant companies have designed implants with the intent of achieving a higher level of primary stability to allow for immediate and early loading protocols in which the prosthetic connection is made at the time of implant placement or few weeks after implantation. One of these implant designs is the Straumann bone level X. Aim: Evaluation of the primary and secondary stability of dental implant with early loading utilizing the bone level x (sand blast large grit acid etches) and (modified sand blast large grit acid etch) dental implants. Materials and methods: A total of 20 patients aged from 18-63 years met the eligibility criteria enrolled in this study receiving 40 dental implants. These cases were located into two groups, group A (20 bone level x sand blast large grit acid etch), group B (20 bone level x modified sand blast large grit acid etch). At the time of surgery, the primary stability was checked while secondary stability was measured 12 weeks after early loading of prosthesis. The analysis of results statistically was performed by employing (Wilcoxon signed rank and Mann-Whitney U test.) at P<0.05. Results: Twenty patients 12 females and 8 males’ patients contributed to this study with an average age of 45.7 years. The mean of implant stability quotient values for secondary stability of group A and B was significantly increased as compared with primary stability base line value (68.62 vs. 72.9) (69.42 vs. 73.72) respectively. Conclusion: The study revealed a significant increase in implant stability quotient values of secondary stability when compared with initial base line measurement in both types of dental implants with no clinical difference between the two groups.