Most Common Obturation Technique Used Between Anterior and Posterior Teeth
Introduction: Success of root canal therapy (RCT) is largely dependent upon the quality of biomechanical preparation and obturation of the pulp canal. A three dimensional seal of the root canal system is achieved by proper root canal obturation to prevent the recurrence of bacterial infection. The aim of this study is to determine the most common obturation technique used between anterior and posterior teeth.
Materials and methods: This study is a retrospective observational study conducted in a university hospital in Chennai. This study was carried out between the month of November 2020- March 2021.Data of patients who had undergone root canal treatment were included in the study sample. This was followed by Excel tabulation. Data was analysed using SPSS Software. The association of study variables was calculated using Chi Square test. Results: The age group between 20-30 years were the most common group which underwent root canal treatment within the given time period 27.9%. Most common obturation technique used was found to be matched tapered single cone technique 60.9% followed by cold lateral condensation technique 37.8%. Cold lateral condensation was predominantly used in anterior teeth whereas matched tapered single cone technique was predominantly used in posterior teeth. Conclusion: Cold lateral condensation technique is the gold standard technique and can be used in case of wider canals. Single tapered cone obturation technique has advantages over other techniques of obturation due to the fewer stress forces implied apically, thereby preventing an excess of sealer extrusion.