Treatment Modalities in the Management of Oral Lichen Planus-An Institutional Experience
Author(s): Vaishnavi Devi B and Santhosh Kumar MP*
Introduction: Oral lichen planus is an autoimmune mucosal disorder affecting the skin and mucosa. It has high chances of malignant transformation which affects one to two percent of the general population. The main symptoms of oral lichen planus include burning sensation, pain, white patches, irritation, and blisters. Assessment of oral lichen planus is essential prior to any specialized procedure to avert any further oral and systemic complications. Screening of lichen planus condition has become a necessity in developing countries and study of this nature will have enormous public health impact. The aim of this study is to assess the treatment modalities in the management of oral lichen planus in patients visiting different outpatient departments of private dental college hospital, Chennai. Methods: All the cases referred from the month of September 2020 to February 2021 for oral lichen planus treatment were chosen for the study. Data was collected from the dental hospital record system. Result data was tabulated in excels and imported to SPSS for correlation and association. P<0.05 was considered to be the level of statistical significance in this study. Results: Oral lichen planus has been reported with higher female incidence (58%) and more prevalent among the age group of 41 to 60 years (51%). The treatment modalities preferred in its management includes triamcinolone (50%), chlorpheniramine maleate (65%), azathioprine (45%), and vitamin c (37%). Conclusion: Within the limits of the present study, oral lichen planus has a female preponderance occurring more commonly in the age group of 41 to 60 years. It is mainly treated with triamcinolone, azathioprine, chlorpheniramine maleate and vitamin c supplements. Knowledge about the treatment modalities in the management of oral lichen planus in the patients visiting dental hospital will be helpful to the clinician to prevent any further complications before any specialized procedure.