Hasan Muneer Raoof

Department of Orthodontics, College of Dentistry, University of Baghdad, Iraq


  • Research   
    Evaluation of Enamel Discoloration Following Different Orthodontic Adhesive Removal Procedure: An in Vitro Study
    Author(s): Hasan Muneer Raoof* and Nidhal Hussien Ghaib

    Aims: This study aimed to compare the effects of different adhesive removal techniques, and the use of Sof-Lex polishing discs on teeth colour stability following fixed orthodontic treatment. Materials and Methods: The sample included 60 human extracted premolars for orthodontic purposes. All teeth were bonded with metal brackets then separated randomly into three categories, each group consisting of twenty teeth according to the adhesive removal procedure. Ten teeth polished with Sof-lex polishing discs and ten teeth not polished with Sof-lex polishing discs were included in each experimental group. This results in six subgroups (n=10). Spectrophotometric color records were obtained using the VITA easyshade® spectrophotometer for all the teeth initially. These were recorded as first measurement (E1). The bond removal procedure.. Read More»

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